Mild cognitive impairment in psoriatic arthritis: Prevalence and associated factors
ABSTRACT To assess the prevalence and factors associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in patients suffering from psoriatic arthritis (PsA).A cross-sectional evaluation was conducted in consecutive PsA patients. Sociodemographic data and the clinimetric variables related to PsA and psoriasis were collected for each patient. MCI was assessed through the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The cognitive performance of PsA patients was compared to healthy subjects using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The correlations among variables were studied by the Spearman rank correlation coefficient. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to establish the predictors of MCI.The study involved 96 PsA patients and 48 healthy subjects. MCI (defined as a MoCA score < 26/30) was detected in 47 (48.9%) PsA patients. Compared to healthy subjects, the MoCA score resulted significantly lower in PsA patients (P = .015). The main differences involved the denomination and language domains. MoCA was negatively correlated with age (r = -0.354; P < .0001), HAQ-DI (r = -0.227; P = .026), and fatigue (r = -0.222; P = .029), and positively correlated with psoriasis duration (r = 0.316; P = .001) and DLQI (r = 0.226; P = .008).The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the duration of psoriasis (P = .0005), age (P = .0038), PASI (P = .0050), and HAQ-DI (P = .0193) as predictors of the MoCA score.MCI is present in a significant proportion of PsA patients, and is mainly determined by age, cutaneous variables, and disability.