Clinical characteristics of uveitis in patients with psoriasis in Korea: a retrospective multicenter case series
Purpose To describe the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of uveitis in patients with psoriasis in Korea.
Methods The medical records of 20 patients (27 eyes) with psoriatic uveitis in two tertiary hospitals were retrospectively reviewed. We analyzed data about patient demographics, uveitis types, laterality, onset of disease, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types, intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity (VA), comorbidities, and medical treatments and outcomes for uveitis and psoriasis.
Results The cohort comprised 11 males and 9 females (50.1 ± 13.2 years) and the mean follow-up period was 3.9 ± 4.0 years. Types of uveitis included anterior (85%), intermediate (10%), and panuveitis (5%). A total of 13 (65%) cases presented with unilateral involvement and 12 out of 18 patients (66.7%) were positive for HLA-B27. The average IOP of affected eyes at the first visit was 11.6 ± 3.6 mmHg and 13.8 ± 3.6 mmHg at the final visit. The average logMAR VA of affected eyes at the initial examination was 0.16 ± 0.52 and 0.27 ± 0.71 at the last examination. Most common comorbidity (13 patients, 65%) was psoriatic arthritis (PsA). All cases underwent topical corticosteroid treatment; however, 11 (55%) required systemic corticosteroid and immunosuppressants for the treatment of uveitis. Notable deterioration in visual outcome was found in 2 cases (10%) due to severe intraocular inflammation and its complications (uveitic glaucoma and bullous keratopathy). Recurrent uveitis was observed in 57.9% of patients. Patients with PsA tended to have higher positive rate of HLA-B27 (83.3%). However, there was no significant correlation between visual prognosis and location of psoriatic uveitis, presence of PsA, and HLA-B27 positivity.
Conclusion Psoriatic uveitis in Koreans usually presents with anterior uveitis with unilateral involvement. PsA was the most common comorbidity. In majority of patients, visual outcomes are satisfactory with appropriate topical or systemic immunosuppressive treatment.