Pityriasis amiantacea following bone marrow transplant.
Pityriasis amiantacea (PA) is a hair disorder characterized by matting of multiple hair shafts, typically occurring as an idiopathic condition. A 67-year-old woman with multiple myeloma who developed PA following a bone marrow transplant with melphalan conditioning is described.She noted initial changes in scalp hair regrowth 4 weeks posttransplant. During the next 4 months she developed multiple lesions of PA that rapidly responded to management, including mineral oil under occlusion in the evening followed by daily shampooing with alternating coal tar, salicylic acid, and ketoconazole shampoos. We review medications that have been associated with PA and conditions related to PA, including atopic dermatitis, bacterial infection, fungal infection, psoriasis, and seborrheic dermatitis. Our patient developed PA that was associated with either melphalan conditioning, bone marrow transplant, or both.